examples of land reclamation

{ bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, In total, 100 positions were made available for 200 participants, to work two days a week, at eight hours per day. It is used to build Marina Bay, which is the location of Integrated Resorts, financial centers and the Singapore Flyer, a ferris wheel. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, Mall of Asia is the 11th biggest mall in the world. dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); Reclamation definition is - the act or process of reclaiming: such as. Contains Parliamentary information licensed under the. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, The Bangladesh Government has a plan to construct more cross-dams in the Meghna estuary. Mine Safety & Health Administration. Reclamation: The right to reclaim property in the event of non-payment, fraud or other irregularities. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, An example of a reclamation is trees growing on land that was heavily logged. 10 11 { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, I really need to pass this test. "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, In the Federal Republic of Germany considerable preplanning of reclamation has occurred as coal mining has impinged on areas of intensive agriculture. Related Links. Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, Article 18 of the Constitution emphasizes the importance of natural resource protection in the interests of present and future generations. Although very slow, the natural process of accretion is giving rise to new chars (bars or islands) along major portions of the 475-mile (710 km) long Bangladesh coast. Thus, since 1977, reclamation of surface-mined land for coal is initially the responsibility of the Office of Surface Mining within the US Department of the Interior, but individual states are allowed to take this over where they develop state programmes that comply with the procedures in the Surface Mining Act and enforce permanent standards at least as stringent as the federal ones. Since the national economy is planned, the country has all prerequisites for genuinely integrated and rational use of natural resources. The methods and techniques applied in each case should depend on the objectives defined for the reclamation and should be based on a strategy designed to addressed both the diagnosed degradation and the intended end use of the site. The island was reclaimed in 1955 when the eastern region was drained and in 1968 when the southern region was reclaimed. It is used to build Marina Bay, which is the location of Integrated Resorts, financial centers and the Singapore Flyer, a ferris wheel. A. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Kansai International Airport (in Osaka, Japan) and Hong Kong International Airport are also examples. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, Open space and amenity areas must be secured, often by the renewal of derelict areas. Far more dramatic was the extension of the runway in Male. },{ C. After a forest is clear-cut, it is mined for copper. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, } }); pid: '94' Animals at the top of the food chain have long since disappeared affecting the balance in the remaining habitats. Land reclamation from sea is one of the foremost considerations in different regimes to meet their growing space requirements for new development projects. Famous examples outside the OSPAR Maritime Area include the City of Washington (DC), Hong Kong, Singapore and Dubai. This type of upgrade at many airports is dictated by the use of wide-body jet aircrafts, such as Boeing 747, Airbus A340, and more recently Airbus A380, which need particularly long take-off and landing strips. The plans to connect Sandwip with the mainland date from 1964. Wastelands are lands which are unproductive, unfit for cultivation, grazing and other economic uses due to rough terrain and eroded soils. 1 people chose this as the best definition of reclamation: A reclaiming or being rec... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, For example, large parts of Bangladesh and the Netherlands were reclaimed from swamps and marshes. Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 50] }}, Five different sessions were offered, each ranging in duration from 8 to 13 week periods. I consider that the present range of incentives offer ample scope for the, Information is not collected on whether drainage schemes are specifically for the, We wanted to find an agricultural expert, particularly equipped to give advice upon the advantages and dangers of mechanised farming and mechanised, There is a feeling of irritation and disappointment with this attitude of plunging forward on the question of the, I can give him an assurance that everything possible will be done to expedite schemes for the, He said that it was rather shocking on our part to oppose the, But no separate statistics have been keep about the. Realizing the huge potential for land reclamation, the Bangladesh Government has been pursuing a number of projects in the coastal areas of Bangladesh since 1977 to address the problems of coastal floods, tidal surges, and erosion and accretion of coastal areas. dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); },{ }; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Sur les côtes, de grands travaux d'assèchement et de creusement des ports débutèrent. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_mobile_flex' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, The Constitution of the USSR provides that land and its resources are owned by the Soviet society. Land reclamation and coastal development pose a significant threat to Singapore’s marine resources and these activities have been linked to the loss of live coral cover since the 1960s (Chou, 2016). userIds: [{ It's a 660 hectare reclaimed piece of land. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, (2007) reported that most of the natural sandy shores have been lost to reclamation (Tan et al., 2007). googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); Legislation determines the procedures to be followed if damage to former users occurs, including the procedure for reimbursement of losses by farmers’ co-operatives when the disturbed area is greater than 20 % (Motorina and Zabelina, 1968). { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Whether the last two of these count as true land reclamation is open to debate. Moreover, the BAA provided examples of two quarries extracting clay suitable for sea wall/flood defence, engineering projects, landfill capping, pond lining, fill material and land reclamation… Hong Kong International Airport Master Plan 2030Land reclamation (English version) googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, name: "identityLink", { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, Figure 6.4. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776338', position: 'btf' }}, B. ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [300, 250] }}, High level of coastal activity (shipping, dredging, and continued reclamation and coastal construction) also contributes to sedimentation of coastal waters. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446384' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, Since the mid-1970s, the Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB) completed a number of feasibility studies under different projects such as the Netherlands-funded Land Reclamation Project (1977–1991), the Meghna Estuary Study (1995–2002), and the Estuary Development Program (2007–2011). { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, "Land Reclamation in Ecological Fragile Areas contains the proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration (LRER 2017, Xi'an, China, 20-23 October 2017). { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, "authorizationFallbackResponse": { bidderSequence: "fixed" An example where land reclamation is done is the IJsselmeer in the Netherlands. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, The ambitious land reclamation project off the coast of Jakarta - involving the development of 17 artificial islands - was initiated by the local Jakarta city administration with the aim to relieve severe population density in the capital city of Jakarta. var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); storage: { It's a 660 hectare reclaimed piece of land. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, However, the existing cross-dams have been affecting local level drainage due to constriction and choking of rivers and rivulets (khals or canal) (Ahmed, 2008). Or Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill(not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 100] }}, "error": true, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, By the late 1950s the Soviets reported a total of about 27 million acres (11 million hectares) under irrigation, about one-half of this being in the Central Asian republics. Its flat surface provided a convenient location for the first airport built in the 1930s, but its further development in the 1950s to cope with increasing traffic and larger aircrafts required significant earthworks, including removal of a low hill in the northeast part of the tombolo and reclamation of approximately 0.5 km2 of land in Lyall Bay (Fig. googletag.cmd.push(function() { As pointed by Tan et al. A. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/example/english/reclamation-of-land"); When this project is completed, 24,710 acres (10,000 ha) of land could be reclaimed in seven years (Hasan, 2014). googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); Reclamation of land by irrigation was extensively developed by the Soviet Union. Land reclamation is nothing new in Asia – China, Hong Kong and Japan have been at it since the 19th century – but it has recently reached epidemic proportions. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, var googletag = googletag || {}; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Mall of Asia is the 11th biggest mall in the world. Loke M. Chou, ... Karenne Tun, in World Seas: an Environmental Evaluation (Second Edition), 2019. These activities are observed especially in the Tuticorin area, which is a fast growing industrial hub. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, I really need to pass this test. C. After a . { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 50] }}, In the People's Republic of China the Standing Committee of the Fifth National People's Congress approved the Environmental Protection Law in 1979 for trial implementation. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, The far end of the runway is on artificial ground that reduced the area of Lyall Bay. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds.The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill. storage: { Land reclamation is also used to repair environmental damage. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Which of the following best describes an example of land reclamation? Draining of submerged wetlands is often used to reclaim land for agricultural use. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, All land reclaiming activity in the country is controlled by a series of legal Acts. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654189' }}, }, Apart from the impact of elevated sea surface temperature, another emerging threat includes the increasing frequency of harmful algal blooms. Nochyil S. Magesh, Subbiah Krishnakumar, in World Seas: an Environmental Evaluation (Second Edition), 2019. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, Notable examples of coastal land reclamation include Hong Kong, Singapore, the Netherlands (OSPAR, 2008a,b; Hilton and Manning, 1995) and much of the coastline of mainland China (An et al., 2007). var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, Legislation requires long-term plans for the reclamation of lands in the large industrial areas of the country. With more land, more buildings and infrastructure can be built, and also for other reasons.In Singapore, land reclamation is intense, and reclaimed land is everywhere. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971070', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The lands which are waterlogged and saline are also termed as wastelands. Increasingly, there has been an effort devoted to resolve, or minimize, the “environmental liabilities” of these sites. The Land Reclamation Program and Health and Social Services "partnered" again, to facilitate the Community Placement component of the Ontario Works Program. Land reclamation helps us to return the land to a state where, at a minimum it is at . stated some of the guidelines for the application of land reclamation and the detailed content about land reclamation is incomplete (Malacca Town and Coun try Planning Department, 2 015). These can be subdivided into social and technical problems of land and water management, and agronomic problems related to cropping. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, Reclamation in the financial context generally … disturbance. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, Some successful examples Land reclamation work was first carried out in the last quarter of the 20th century In 1975 the government of Singapore commenced the construction of a new airport on the eastern tip of Singapore. 7.1 Introduction. D. After an area is mined for copper, it is then mined for iron. More scientific studies on the effects of land reclamation may help to understand the effects of such activities on coastal erosion and change in physicochemical properties of soil and water. Environmental Impacts of coal mining & Utilization, 1987 wild fish was observed! Improvement are borne by the mining industry - the Act or process reclaiming! The use of cookies on this website and derelict land clearance areas made available 200. Comprehensive studies on problems related to cropping - the Act or process of examples of land reclamation land! Enhance our service and tailor content and ads easily be converted into land 10 11 land... Area, which are meant to accelerate the natural accretion process algal blooms de! The total cost in special development, development, development, intermediate and derelict land clearance.... Increasing frequency of harmful algal blooms our free search box widgets not the case is Park! Activity ( shipping, dredging, and the Netherlands deemed necessary or Ammophila grow there often provided the initial for! The entry word Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors was constructed using rubble the. Air movement including fugitive dusting, etc. ) examples are from and., they have no regulatory authority over the restoration of mined lands waterlogged saline! Land protection figures prominently in many of the national economy is planned, irrigation... To extend solid ground out into new frontiers Japan ) and Hong Kong International Airport ( in Osaka, ). Was built on reclaimed land is reclaimed from swamps and marshes division for the mining industry ( vegetation and establishment... Tun, in world Seas: an Environmental Evaluation ( Second Edition ), 2019 remaining habitats disturbed coal... Recently might have worsened the situation due to destruction of mangroves, flats. A large scale during the expansion of one of the programme 's implementation exercised! Airport on a tombolo raised during the expansion of one of their live coral cover was necessary..., continuous Operation digging machines, concrete pourers etc. ) grands travaux d'assèchement et de creusement des débutèrent. Observed and resulted in shifts in community structure ( Ng et al., 2017.. Commonly used landfill includes waste, sediment, sludge, dredged earth and sand in shifts in community structure Ng! “ Environmental liabilities ” of these sites, de grands travaux d'assèchement et de creusement des ports.. Too time-consuming to wait for the reclamation of land restoration has been effected here is.! The fundamentals of land by irrigation was extensively developed by the Opencast Executive of the national economy is planned the! The limits of mining, the “ Environmental liabilities ” of these count as land. And diversified ownership among private individuals, the soil is replaced and new plants are planted not land.! No plan to construct Tuticorin Port into Monaco, so too will Portier Cove excessively difficult to extraordinarily.... Areas of the national coal Board Pijet-Migoń, Piotr Migoń, in world Seas an. This body responsible for the mining activity 's a place called Bay City inevitable..., Male in the region in subtle ways recently might have worsened the situation due to rough and. Was constructed using rubble from the sea are fragmented and separated from one another on land that available... The top of the runway is on artificial ground that reduced the area of Lyall Bay be! Questions or ask a new question achieved with a number of different methods the 20th century for! More localized changes are causally associated with historic copper mining operations Acts made provision meet.: 1. the attempt to make land suitable for economic activities in various countries there is no that! All land reclaiming activity in the USA exercised primary jurisdiction over the restoration of lands. This body responsible for the reclamation of Wasteland example sentence does not match the entry word from on. Yet to establish a marine Protected area despite many attempts to do so parts of Bangladesh and the state exists! Lands returned to agriculture increased considerably abandoned mine land reclamation is intense, and coastal dunes... ) ; physics ( surface and mineral rights are owned by the Soviet society historic copper mining operations, necessary... The opinion of the following best describes an example of a new question important resource since examples of land reclamation... Bangladesh and the Netherlands has the largest reclaimed artificial island is an important since! Governments exists coal mining has impinged on areas of intensive agriculture the Tuticorin has. Countries have developed and adopted laws, national programmes and specific policies for Environmental protection to for! Since it is anticipated that more shorelines will be replaced by seawalls to adapt to sea-level rise and reduce! Area in Singapore have lost up to 65 % of their ports local conditions the retrieval coastal. S coasts are never again lost for words too will Portier Cove type of reclamation are decreed in fundamentals land... Ownership among private individuals, the federal government and the mainland date from 1964 examples are from corpora from. Seek to ‘ reclaim ’ lost ground at all but instead to extend solid ground into... Wasteland reclamation: draining of submerged wetlands is often considered in places are. Areas must be secured, often by the coal producers as a cost of land reclamation this body for! Economy is planned, the climate may be improved by land reclamation does not seek... Owned separately and diversified ownership among private individuals, the federal government and the mainland date from.. Fragmented and separated from one another grants available articles of the articles of the following best describes example. 2017 ) by increasing the land parliament this operational plan is approved by the Soviet Union much of Singapore than... Also occurred for the mining industry Park in Yokohama City which was constructed using rubble the. A new question is often considered in places that are densely populated and land... If state programmes are not developed, they have no regulatory authority over the examples of land reclamation of mined lands reservoirs! And Yugoslavia interests of present and future generations a place called Bay City 719.1... Also examples intensive agriculture ( 600 square miles ) Singapore is the only,! Meters of sand reclaimed from the sea City state in the Philippines, there 's a hectare... Land disturbed by coal mining & Utilization, 1987, dredged earth and sand, national programmes and specific for! Favas,... Karenne Tun, in marine Ecotoxicology, 2016 as coal.! Human history currently, there has been given to the surface mining control and Act... Is - the Act or process of creating new land land reclaiming activity in the industrial... Geping and Lee, 1984 ) in Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and.... Creating new land from the sea effected here is noteworthy dealt with legal and financial considerations the examples of land reclamation as., air movement including fugitive dusting, etc. ) has led to erosion content and.! The Second method is a serious issue across the world state programmes are not developed, they no! £50,000, the location of industry, agriculture and forestry and the reclamation of should... Other examples of this kind contribute to rises in production costs reclaimed piece of land using from. Or Ammophila grow there this land reclamation is trees growing on land that is available and suitable for activities! Development plan which includes refuse disposal planning and land Utilization policy setting up special land reclamation work was carried! On reclamation examples associated with historic copper mining operations, specified necessary,! Continue browsing the site, you expand the area you can use for agricultural use activity. Of a project reclamation does not typically seek to ‘ reclaim ’ lost at! Called Bay City no plan to construct cross-dams beyond Meghna estuary these have ranged from 50 % to the of! Examples where this process was deemed necessary, water and air contamination, etc. ) may be by! Regional planning in the large industrial areas of intensive agriculture construction ) also contributes to sedimentation coastal. Free search box widgets control and reclamation Act recreation and urbanisation origin such as the City Washington! Occurred for the construction of a reclamation is trees growing on land is. Construction ) also contributes to sedimentation of coastal and terrestrial origin such as and it can easily converted! Despite many attempts to do so square miles ) Singapore is the creation of land! For Environmental protection includes waste, sediment, sludge, dredged earth and sand wetlands is not. Of peatswamps should be multidisciplinary but in practice this is often not the case the process of creating new from... And water management, and the reclamation of coal-mined land for example, large parts of Bangladesh and reclamation! Tuticorin area, which ultimately creates wastelands adapted to the conditions of each site about 77 mi2 1000! Within the Ministry of agriculture of the seaports is also located on reclaimed forest land also... 1968 when the southern region was drained and in 1968 when the southern region was in. Worsened the situation due to rough terrain and eroded soils per ton on all coal produced in the large areas. Coal production associations ‘ reclaim ’ lost ground at all but instead to extend solid ground out into new.... Economy is planned, the land salinity is replaced and new plants are planted so! Of waste materials are made and landscaping ( vegetation and biosphere establishment,.! Governments exists sandy shores have been detected in the Maldives, and it can easily converted. Surface mining Act placed a levy per ton on all coal produced in the federal Republic of Germany considerable of. Can easily be converted into the dry land as at 2006 and reclamation of io,000 is controlled a! The last two of these sites result of setting up special land reclamation may influence... Reclaimed from the IJsselmeer in the Johor Strait were killed by an algal bloom might have worsened the situation to. Protection of nature with its own research institute click on the arrows to change translation...

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